Sound Design in VR

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Companies and content creators have mostly focused on the visual side of VR. However, sound has the ability to improve the immersivity and perceived quality of a visual display and virtual simulation in general. In Social VR, it is especially important to be immersed.

The purpose of my graduation project was to evaluate current implementations of the sound experience in Social VR and to improve that experience through user testing

Social VR is a way of communicating with other people through Virtual Reality (VR) by integrating participants in the same environment and enabling them to interact with each other. This graduation project focused on the design of an immersive sound experience during a Social VR session between friends watching TV together.  

The video above is a short display of the possibilities with the final prototype made for the project. Wearing headphones would be preferred.

Chosen context for the sound design in Social VR project


A literature research was done, Social VR demos were tested, questionnaires were made, and two prototypes were developed and tested. The first prototype was made for a basic and passive Social VR experience.  The second one was a more advanced prototype in which two users could speak with each other, watch TV, interact with buttons and see each other’s avatar.

Main findings

  • Users expect the experience to feel like real life, with realistic visuals and sounds. The experience should be relaxing, immersing, and give the sense of being together.
  • Hearing yourself speak in VR through your headphones (sidetone) improves the experience and presence.
  • Users expect a home cinema experience for the TV, which can be done with a virtual 5.1 speaker setup without reverb.
  • Adding reverberation and spatialization to the voices improves co-presence and realism.
  • The reverberation of the room should be accurate as users could sense when it did not match their expectations.
  • The environment should be a reasonably large size for a living room, it should be open and detailed, and breathe life. It should also have a suitable background noise such as rain.
The report can be read here or downloaded.
Sitting area where the two users could sit in VR. The buttons on the tables beside the chairs act as a remote control for the sound experience.
The TV playing one of the three short documentaries available.
Illustration of the sound directivity in Unity
Screenshot of the sound implementation in Unity using Resonance Audio, displaying the various sound sources for the TV. This resulted in a home cinema experience.
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